Gingivitis and Periodontitis: What You Need to Know About the Stages of Gum Disease

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Gum disease is a dangerous dental issue that can attack your smile and cause serious consequences. It’s a disease that has two stages. The first stage is gingivitis.

Gingivitis is the earlier, milder form of gum disease. It develops when you fail to remove plaque from your teeth on a regular basis. When this happens, the plaque irritates your gums, making them red and swollen, often enabling them to bleed easily. Usually there is little to no discomfort at this stage. Fortunately, a professional dental cleaning and improved oral hygiene can help to treat this stage of the disease.

The second stage is periodontitis. Periodontitis is the advanced form of gum disease that occurs when gingivitis is untreated. As time goes by, the plaque turns into tartar, which is also known as calculus. The tartar spreads and grows below the gum line. At that point, the toxins in the bacterial substance stimulate a chronic inflammatory response which promotes the destruction of the underlying bone and tissues.

During this stage, the gums also move away from the teeth and create pockets that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets excavate and more gum tissue and bones are destroyed. The best methods for treating this stage of the disease are to undergo laser periodontal therapy, receive scaling and root planing treatments, and taking antibiotics.

As you can see, this disease can be severely detrimental to your smile and oral health. So, please remember to call Dr. Anne Nicholas and her team of specialists if you ever experience symptoms related to gum disease, such as red, swollen and bleeding gums or even persistent bad breath.

Another sign to watch for is receding gums. When you visit Dr. Nicholas and her team of specialists, they will give you the best treatment possible so you can restore the oral health you deserve. You can trust them with your smile, and you can be confident that you’ll receive the best and most effective treatment possible.

If you have any questions, or if you need to schedule an appointment, please call Dr. Anne Nicholas and her team of specialists who are serving Palm Desert, La Quinta, Indian Wells, Rancho Mirage and the surrounding areas of the Coachella Valley at the Palm Desert Center for Advanced Periodontics, Cosmetic, Sedation and Implant Dentistry today. They can be reached by phone at 760-851-0314 or at their office in Palm Desert, California.